The Dead Sea is a large inland lake which measures about 50 miles
long and 10 miles wide.
It's located in Judea, in southeastern Israel, approximately 12 miles east
of Jerusalem. Known through The Bible as the Salt Sea, the Eastern Sea,
or the Sea of the Plain, it today forms part of the international boundary with
the Kingdom of Jordan.
The Dead Sea has numerous extremes. Its surface is 1,290 feet below the
surface of The Mediterranean Sea, which is just 50 miles to the west.
It's only 10 feet at its shallowest, but reaches a depth of 1,300 feet at its deepest.
The salt content of the Dead Sea has been measured as 5 times that of the oceans.
The high salinity is the reason that very little life is found in the waters - it truly is a
The Jordan River is the main source of water for the Dead Sea, with a few smaller
rivers also emptying into it. Despite the constant inflow, and the fact that it has
no outlet, the level of the Dead Sea changes very little over the year. This is the
result of the extremely high rate of evaporation from the heat of its wide-open,
below sea level, desert location. The water quickly evaporates, but the salt remains.
The uniqueness of the Dead Sea has been known for centuries. This is the only
place in the world with this particular combination of exclusive spa benefits: peculiar
sun radiation and climatic conditions, enriched oxygen atmosphere, mineral-rich
salt sea, thermomineral springs, and mineral-rich mud.